Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin, is an important vitamin that also acts as an antioxidant within the body.
According to Official Journal of the European Union, Commission Regulation (EU) No 432/2012of 16 May 2012, vitamin B2 or Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes, and contributes to the maintenance of normal vision, and the protection of cells from oxidative stress.
Vitamin B2 is responsible for maintaining healthy blood cells, helping to boost your energy level, assists in a healthy metabolism, preventing free radical damage, contributing to growth, skin health and in our case for Crystal Eye Omega, protecting eye health.
Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin is a water soluble B-vitamin that is sensitive to light and alkali conditions.
There are two sources of riboflavin: dietary and bacterial whereby the vitamin is produced by the normal gastrointestinal microflora.
The amount of bacterially synthesised riboflavin depends on the type of diet consumed, with higher synthesis resulting from intake of vegetable-based diets compared with meat-based diets.
Good food sources
The main food sources are organ meats, eggs, yeast products, almonds and other nuts and seeds, wheatgerm, wild rice and mushrooms. It is also found in dairy products and vegetables. The loss during cooking is about 75%.
Primary deficiency is associated with inadequate dietary intake such as poor consumption of milk and other animal products. Primary deficiency is reported to be more common in the elderly and adolescent girls.
Secondary deficiencies can develop in people with chronic diarrhoea, liver disease, chronic alcoholism, having adrenal or thyroid hormone insufficiency and in certain postoperative situations.
The body’s storage is sufficient to provide riboflavin for 2–6 weeks when nutritional status is normal, but during protein deficiency the stores are significantly reduced.
A deficiency symptom may be ocular and visual disturbances with symptoms such as burning, itching and sensitivity to ligh.
Riboflavin is involved in many different biological processes and is essential for maintaining good health. It is involved in ATP production, is essential for immune function, tissue repair processes and general growth (it is required for the healthy growth of skin, nails and hair) and plays a key role in fatty acid oxidation and the metabolism of several other B vitamins.
Riboflavin has important antioxidant activity in itself but also as part of the FADdependent enzyme glutathione reductase. It also activates vitamin B6 and folate.
Daily minimum recommended dose is 1.3 mg/day for women and 1.6 mg/day for men.
Riboflavin is considered an extremely safe supplement. At high doses of 400 mg used in some of the trials, riboflavin still remains non-toxic.